European visa: learn in which countries this document is required

Itens de viagem e visto para Europa

Learn about the countries that require a visa from Brazilians (and those that can be visited without it)

When thinking of a European visa, people usually think they need to get a different visa for each country they want to visit, but some places don’t require this document.

Another information that may positively surprise you is that if you have a Brazilian passport, you can visit more than 150 countries around the world without a visa, many of which are located in Europe, as long as you follow the rules.

Nevertheless, a special document will be required as of 2021 when entering European countries, although a visa is still not required in this case, which keeps travelling around Europe pretty easy.

Do you want to learn in which countries a visa is required, as well as learn about this new document that will be required in 2021? Read below and have your questions answered.

Is a European visa required in every country?

No, it isn’t. However, this doesn’t mean you can buy your airline tickets and head to the country you chose. You have certain requirements to follow.

The first step is to get a passport, an identity document that certifies its holder as a national of the Federative Republic of Brazil and requests permission to enter other countries. It is an indispensable document when travelling and it opens up several doors.

When Brazilians have their passport in hand, they are able to visit more than 150 countries worldwide without having to obtain a visa in advance. Some restrictions vary from country to country, but travelers are usually authorized to stay for 90 days maximum when the visit is not for professional purposes.

There is also one thing that changes according to each country, but as a general rule, it is important that your passport be valid for at least 6 months after the end of your trip. For example, if you are expected to return in January 1, 2020, your passport must be valid until July 1, 2020.

Among the various European countries that can be visited by Brazilians holding a passport only, Scotland, Macedonia, Monaco, Greece and Vatican stand out.

See also: How are passports issued in Brazil?

What about the Schengen Agreement?

Many European countries don’t require a visa, but have different requirements, such as countries that are signatory of the Schengen Agreement, also called Schengen Area, signed in 1985 by representatives of Luxembourg, France, West Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands.

Because it was signed in the city of Schengen in Luxembourg, the agreement was named after it. It is intended to allow greater traveling freedom across borders.

Since then, other countries have also signed the agreement, which now has 26 European nations, and was incorporated into the European Union Law in 1990. Even so, not all EU member countries are part of the Schengen Agreement and vice-versa.

Countries that have signed the Schengen Agreement currently include Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Sweden and Switzerland.

These countries do not require a visa, but as soon as a tourist lands in Europe, his/her passport receives a stamp authorizing free movement between Schengen Agreement nations. Technically, although not a European visa, its purpose is the same.

Once a traveler obtains such a stamp, he/she can travel freely through Schengen Area countries for 90 days. You will then have to wait for a 180-day cycle, as of the date of your first entry stamp, before you can visit those countries again.

And what about this new document that will be require as of 2021?

A new mechanism will be in force as of 2021, which is called ETIAS (European Travel Information and Authorization System). It is a travel authorization requested online and will be required for Schengen Area countries.

You must apply online and pay a € 7 fee, regardless of whether authorization is granted or not. Headed by Brussels, its objective is to make European Union territory safer against terrorist attempts and illegal immigration.

When ETIAS becomes mandatory, you will need to provide personal information such as full name, address, email, passport number, and more, as well as previous travel history and a questionnaire with basic and security questions.

Upon evaluation in online databases such as European Union’s own databases and even Interpol’s, if no inconsistencies or suspect information is found, authorization is granted quickly and will be valid for three years or until the passport expires, whichever comes first.

Some European countries don’t belong to the Schengen area, but they don’t require a visa either.

Russia, for example, is a country that doesn’t require a European visa, as it enforces a procedure similar to the Schengen Agreement, with an authorization granted as soon as foreign citizens enter the country. This authorization is valid for 90 days, although this scenario applies only to Russia.

In England, they have a similar system, with a permit allowing access to the country, although it is 180 days instead of 90 days.

The other UK member countries – Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales – don’t require visa application either, which is granted as soon as travelers arrive in the country.

Which countries may require Brazilians to have a European visa?

All of the above European countries require a visa when travelers wish to stay longer than 90 days – or 180 days in the United Kingdom -, as in the case of long trips or travelers who will study, work and pursuit other purposes.

You also need to bear in mind there are different types of international visa, including tourist visa, study visa or work visa, which have different requirements.

In addition, there are countries outside the Schengen Agreement, such as Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Ireland and Romania, in addition to the United Kingdom mentioned above. The best you can do in these cases is to get information at the Consulate of each country to know how to proceed.

After learning about all the details of a European visa and having someone you can count on to have your questions answered, make your travel arrangements, hire a good translation agency to help you with your paperwork and make the most out of your trip.

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