How to obtain Polish citizenship?

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Understand how this process works and what you should do to get it right

Did you know that some Brazilians can get Polish citizenship? This is really interesting because it entitle citizens to have a European Union passport, which is of great value all over the world.

However, applicants must meet certain requirements, submit the necessary documents and, if necessary, even turn to a Polish legal representative if they or their family members don’t have the necessary documents.

We’ll see the relationship between Poland and Brazil and understand the procedures to be followed to achieve this interesting benefit.

Is there any kind of relationship between Poland and Brazil?

Yes – not everyone knows it, but Brazil has many Polish descendants, who migrated from Poland to Brazil especially in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Most of these immigrants settled in southern states such as Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. Others, but in smaller numbers, went to the Southeast, like São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, and Minas Gerais, in addition to the State of Goiás, in the Midwest.

To date, Paraná is the state that has been most influenced by the Polish culture in Brazil. Additionally, the city of Dom Feliciano, in Rio Grande do Sul, received more than 1,500 Polish by birth, as well as more than 1,900 people from the Polish territory under Russian domination.

There are no exact figures in this regard, but great part of Dom Feliciano inhabitants is made up of Polish people, who are also known as Poles. Approximately 90% of the population is estimated to be Polish descendants.

See also: Dual citizenship for Brazilians.

Who is entitled to get Polish citizenship?

Those who can confirm to be descendants of a Polish citizen. This is due to blood right, a term known as jus sanguinis in Latin, that regards the country of birth.

To get Polish citizenship, descendants must perform the following steps:

Have supporting documents belonging to a Polish ancestor

The first step is to get documents proving some family ancestor has a Polish citizenship, which need to have been issued in Poland and by country authorities after the year 1900.

Among these documents, the following stands out:

  • Paszport (Passport);
  • Dowód osobisty (ID);07
  • Książeczka wojskowa (Military Passbook).

In some cases, it is also valid to submit an ID and travel documents issued by the International Refugee Organization after World War II, but the applicant must also submit other documents confirming Polish citizenship.

Other documents are also needed in addition to the ones stated above and they include:

  • Birth, marriage and/or death certificate;
  • Certificate of naturalization;
  • Certificate of military service or exemption from this type of service in Brazil (in the case of naturalized Brazilian men);
  • ID (RG for Brazilian naturalized persons and RNE for non-naturalized).

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Provide evidence of blood relation with a Polish ancestor

The next step is to prove that the applicant has a blood relation with his/her Polish ancestor. This is necessary because of the jus sanguinis right we saw earlier.

When the applicant is the child of a Polish person, the process is easier as the name of the parent will appear on his/her ID. This, together with the supporting documents of the ancestor, is sufficient to prove a blood relation.

In the case of more distant relatives, such as grandchildren or great-grandchildren, birth, marriage and/or death certificates of all other persons in family succession must be submitted, so that it can be clearly and undoubtedly proven that this relationship exists.

In addition to such evidence, anyone wishing to get Polish citizenship must also submit the following documents:

  • Certificate of birth or marriage (if married);
  • Copy of your current ID, which may be your Brazilian RG or passport;
  • Confirmation application for Polish citizenship (Wniosek), which must be completed in Polish and signed.

It is also necessary to pay the consulate’s administrative fee when applying for Polish citizenship.

In addition, if the applicant has children under the age of 18, they must be included in the application to get Polish citizenship from their father or mother. For such inclusion, it is necessary to submit a birth certificate and authorization of the guardian with signature authenticated in a notary’s office or consulate.

Particularly, in the case of children over 16 and under 18 years of age, children must authorize the process. Otherwise, the process cannot continue.

Does the application involve any particularities?

Yes – in cases of lost citizenship, which can be the result of certain attitudes.

Prior to January 1951, Polish citizenship could have their citizenship withdrew in the following cases:

  • Acquisition of citizenship from another country through naturalization or marriage with a foreigner (woman);
  • Provision of service or military incorporation in foreign army;
  • Holding governmental offices in other countries, whether for political, legal or administrative purposes.

As of 1951, citizens were able to renounce their Polish citizenship through an official process, which was done before Polish authorities.

If the ancestor did not have his/her citizenship withdrew before 1951 for the reasons above or did not proceed with the waiver of this benefit before country authorities, then there should be no major problems in the acquisition of a Polish citizenship.

Also check out: The 11 most requested languages for document translation.

Now what? How to get Polish citizenship?

After understanding the whole process and how it works, learn how to proceed to obtain your citizenship smoothly.

This requires looking for an agency called Wojewoda, which is the Head of the Provincial Government regarding the last place where the citizenship applicant resided in Poland.

In cases where the applicant has never lived in Poland, the case goes to Wojewoda Mazowiecki, the Head of Government of Mazovia Province, which is based in Warsaw.

The opinion issued by Wojewoda or Wojewoda Mazowiecki has a declaratory character, i.e. it cannot be interpreted since its purpose is to state, in accordance with the procedures followed and the documents submitted, whether or not the right to Polish citizenship exists.

It is also important to point out that those who wish to obtain Polish citizenship, but do not have the necessary documents, can look for them in the National Archives’ Written Documents Division – Documentation Room (Rio de Janeiro) or at the State Department of Culture (São Paulo).

If it is still not possible to obtain the necessary documents, they should be sought in Poland, which can be done through a representative in the country. Fees and bureaucracy tend to increase in this case, but it is certainly worth it regarding the benefit obtained.
Now that you know how to get Polish citizenship, count on Fidelity as your translation agency to meet all your language needs and to offer you all the language support you need to become a Polish and European citizen.

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