Coronavirus and the relationship between countries
Find out about national borders during the pandemic and what changes in the import and export of products
With the spread of the coronavirus across continents, imports and exports are being compromised and social distancing is the most effective way to prevent and control the pandemic.
It is currently extremely risky to have any contact with products that have been shipped and transported through many places and people.
How are international relations now that the coronavirus is a threat to countries?
Considering our globalized world, economic relations depend fundamentally on imports and exports. This involves from raw materials to finished products.
Thus, several industries influence each other and are interlinked. No production can continue without being supplied with materials from other sectors.
Brazil, for example, is a large producer of raw materials and has a strong presence in the agricultural sector, with some countries being dependent on this supply to keep their industries running.
Other nations, on the other hand, earn their capital substantially from the production of technologies and other materials, which may seem dispensable at the present time, but that is where you get it wrong.
To maintain the resources of a city, for example, it is necessary to continue with various services, such as hospital services, which are essential nowadays. This service goes far beyond care: it also includes supplies and equipment.
In this sense, the maintenance of essential consumer products – such as food, and hygiene and health products, in addition to all products of basic needs – must be ensured and continued, even in the situation we are facing right now.
And, in order for this to happen without any negative effects on the society, some measures are being taken to prevent as much as possible the coronavirus from being further disseminated with the continuity of exports and imports between countries.
What is being done to maintain exports and imports?
In order for everything to happen in the best possible way, without jeopardizing service providers or leaving the population at risk, there is a new monitoring system for these processes, which defines the need and the importance of the product that will be shipped.
The import of hospital supplies has also been exempted from import rates (in force until September), such as protective gloves, articles for surgical use, hand sanitizers, face masks, among other materials that are frequently used to fight the virus.
Global provisions determined by the World Health Organization (WHO) are being sent to all countries at risk, and some are even sent internally in each country, which directly affects the nations with which they relate economically.
In order for the population to be aware of all events – as the final recipient of the means of production – many media outlets offer simultaneous translations made during announcements to provide compliance in consumption relationships.
To date, there have been significant falls in all countries affected by the coronavirus outbreak, being one of the most significant crashes in recent history. China, for example, had the lowest result in industrial production since the 1990s.
This is a worrying fact if we think that a large nation with a dominant economy, when deficient, affects all countries with which it maintains commercial relations.
Brazil, on the other hand, at the beginning of the quarantine period, had a drop of 20% in exports in relation to the beginning of the month, where operations still occurred normally, totaling revenues of US$ 770 million.
Because the economy of countries like Brazil is still passive compared to world economic powers, these countries will face a hard time to get back on track after this period.
This is because, although they have comparative advantages – the strengths and weaknesses of a government in terms of resources of matter –, they will have to formulate strategies to maintain their balance in face of the value of the products exported and less economic stability.
Decisions about closing borders were made in Brazil for the access of neighboring countries.
This decision had already been made in Colombia, Peru, Argentina and Paraguay, leaving Brazil behind in relation to other nations.
Only Brazilians, whether born or naturalized, are allowed to enter the country, in addition to foreign professionals who are providing services according to international order with prior identification, foreigners with residence permits and foreign employees serving the Brazilian government.
If orders are not complied with, these persons are liable to respond criminally, as this violates life protection laws.
Airlines are still operating, but the recommendation is that they should only be used in cases of extreme need.